Europe is moving towards a low-carbon energy system with the ambitious goal of a more sustainable society. With this objective in mind, hydrogen will be a key component of Europe’s decarbonised future. It offers a clean, sustainable and flexible option for converting renewable electricity into an energy carrier based on use in mobility, hearing and industrial applications. As a ‘gaseous form of electricity’, it is an enabler of sectoral integration.
The diagram below illustrates the seven roles that hydrogen plays in the energy transition:
Source: IEA, 2019